Most of human beings are looking for one thing and that is beauty. With various advances in all industries and daily life, human beings have always been looking for new innovations to improve their appearance. One of the simplest human handicrafts is today’s structures and buildings. Stone is used for covering and beauty of buildings, for show and display. Below we examine one of the most widely used and beautiful stones in the construction industry, namely travertine.
Ingredients of travertine
Travertine stone with its exemplary beauty and good strength, and because of its economic efficiency is very useful in the construction industry. This stone is known as limestone. Travertine is formed from the sediments of rivers, seas, hot and cold water in caves and springs in the heart of this soil. It has a high percentage of compounds of different elements such as stalactite, stagmite and calcium. Travertine is found in lemon, brown, yellow, red, gray, black and white. In some places, with beautiful veins that settle sediments between the rocks, has given a special beauty to this type of rock. These sediments are composed of calcium, iron and water-soluble impurities. Of course, whether it is lighter or darker depends on their solubility in water.
Properties of travertine
One of the good properties of this stone is its insulation against temperature and sound. This is due to the presence of porous cavities inside the rock. These cavities increase the strength of the stone because, with the penetration of cement in the stone cavities, the strength of the stones installed on the wall increases significantly. We owe this porosity to the gases in the groundwater, which is the main source of the rock’s formation and deposition. In fact, it is these gases that prevent a compacted rock mass from forming.
Advantages of travertine
- Most of the uses of this stone are in tropical areas, which is one of the cooling properties of these stones.
- Economically, most of the colors of this stone are cheap and economical.
- Travertine is resistant to slipping and this is due to the porosity of its texture.
- Stylish and luxurious appearance is one of the good and unique advantages of this stone.
- Stability of colors and not fading in this stone is one of its undeniable advantages.
Disadvantages of travertine
- In travertine, there is no uniformity of color and design for very large areas.
- The amount of water absorption in this stone is high and they have low resistance to cold, and the ambient temperature reaches freezing temperature, this stone will be eaten immediately.
- The very high price of some designs is due to the uniformity of the holes.
Usage of travertine
The reason for the widespread use of travertine stones, in addition to its special and unique colors due to sediments, is the special appearance of these stones that they take on. These sediments are in the form of thin and thin layers in a regular or irregular shape. The resemblance to a wooden texture in which we do not see any veins, has made the appearance of this stone special and unique. Travertine is a soft and well-cut stone, which is why it is in high demand in the market. The uses of this stone are mostly in exterior and interior facades as well as paving. The strength of this stone is more than marble. It is caused by holes in travertine that are not affected by contraction and expansion. This stone is usually not recommended for places such as kitchens, bathrooms, toilets and toilets. As mentioned above, this stone is not very resistant to water
The popularity of travertine
There are many reasons for the popularity of this building stone, that this product, despite a series of disadvantages, is still sought after by customers. Travertine stone with high strength, unique beauty, polishing and a great variety of colors has become the most widely used stone used in the exterior of buildings. Another reason for the popularity of this stone due to its insulating role is its resistance to noise, cold and heat. We owe these advantages to the inner cavities of this stone. Travertine is even used on street and pool pavements, and the unique reason for this is to prevent slipping. Despite its uneven surface, this stone causes friction in different weather conditions and relatively increases the environmental safety on the street and in the pool. The presence of cavities and interior spaces reduces the density of this stone, which low density is one of the best advantages of this type of products. Of course, in some cases, these stones are also without cavities, and these spaces are filled with resin and reach their special customers.
Common uses of travertine
This stone has a major part in the interior of the building, and can be used more in classical and Roman facades. This product is less used in the interior, and is not very common in this sector. Travertine is one of the most popular stones in the production of stone artifacts and architecture has the inner space of cities for aesthetic structure. The good ax-cutting ability of travertine allows designers to easily execute past and classic architectural spaces.
One of the topics of discussion about travertine is its easy and painless washability. Convenience in washing with detergents available in the market has eased the minds of consumers. So that by washing once a year, this stone retains its freshness and beauty. This stone can be easily polished and polished with simple oils. One of the important advantages of this stone is the sandblasting capability of this product, which is done easily and at the lowest cost, which makes it fresh and non-uniform in appearance.